Lesson 1

  1. HOW DO I SAY ‘HELLO’?
  2. SURVIVAL PHRASES
  3. FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS
  4. QUESTIONING IN ENGLISH
  5. CONVERSATION
  6. EXERCISES

 

Lesson 1

GREETINGS & INTRODUCTION

HOW DO I SAY ‘HELLO’?

There are two different ways of greeting a person. First we will learn the formal way.

FORMAL GREETINGS

We use the following phrases according to the time of the day we meet them.

1. EARLY MORNING TILL 12 NOON
Good Morning!
Example:
Good morning, Teacher!
2. NOON TILL 4 IN THE EVENING
Good Afternoon!
Example:
Good afternoon, Officer!
3. FROM 4 TILL LATE NIGHT
Good Evening!
Example:
Good evening, Uncle!
4. WHEN WE TAKE LEAVE AT NIGHT
Good Night!
Example:
Good night, Sir!
5. WHEN WE TAKE LEAVE DURING THE DAY
Good day to you!
Have a good day!

Example:
Good day to you, Sir!
Have a good day, Officer!

INFORMAL GREETINGS

THEY ARE WORDS USED TO GREET OUR FRIENDS, RELATIVES, OR THE PEOPLE WE MEET OFTEN.

‘HELLO!’
‘HI’

Example:
Hello Shawn!
Hi Jane!
WHEN WE TAKE LEAVE

Good bye!
Farewell!

Bye, bye!
See you, later!

SURVIVAL PHRASES

Here are some sentences which might come in handy for beginners:

  1. I don’t know German.
  2. I know ___________
  3. I am learning Japanese.
  4. I can speak some French.
  5. Am I saying it right?
  6. How should I say this in Tamil?
  7. What does it mean?
  8. Please, say it again.
  9. Do you understand?
  10. Yes, I understand.
  11. No, I don’t understand.

FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS

  1. Father / Dad
  2. Mother / Mom
  3. Child / Kid
  4. Son / Boy
  5. Daughter / Girl
  6. Sibling
  7. Elder Brother
  8. Younger Brother
  9. Elder Sister
  10. Younger Sister
  1. 11. Paternal Grandfather
  2. 13. Maternal Grandfather
  3. 15. Great Grandfather
  4. 17. Grand-son
  5. 19. Brother-in-law
  6. 21. Son-in-law
  7. 23. Relatives
  8. 25. Nephew
  9. 27. Uncle
  10. 29. Fiancé/ Fiancée (fee-ahn-say)
  1. 12. Paternal Grandmother
  2. 14. Maternal Grandmother
  3. 16. Great Grandmother
  4. 18. Grand-daughter
  5. 20. Sister-in-law
  6. 22. Daughter-in-law
  7. 24. Cousin
  8. 26. Niece
  9. 28. Aunt
  10. 30. Boyfriend/ Girlfriend

QUESTIONING IN ENGLISH

Question Words

Examples

WHAT What is your name?
WHO Who are you?
WHERE Where are you from?
WHEN When did he go out?
HOW How are you doing?
WHOSE Whose pen is this?
WHY Why are you eating this?
WHICH Which one do you prefer?
HOW MUCH How much is this shirt?
HOW MANY How many oranges are there?
FOR WHAT / WHY For what reason did you cry?

CONVERSATION

MEETING A PERSON

Now let us look at a very FORMAL conversation:

(Let us assume that this happens in the morning at 10)

  1. Student: Good Morning, Sir!
  2. Teacher: Good Morning, Raju!
  3. Student: Sir! This is my project report.
  4. Teacher: Very good, leave it on my desk.
  5. Student: Thank you, Sir!
  6. Teacher: Welcome!
  7. Student: Good day to you, Sir!
  8. Teacher: Good day to you too!

(Let us assume that this happens in the evening at 6)

  1. Student: Good Evening, Sir!
  2. Teacher: Good Evening, Raju!
  3. Student: Sir! This is my project report.
  4. Teacher: Very good, leave it on my desk.
  5. Student: Thank you, Sir!
  6. Teacher: Welcome!
  7. Student: Good night, Sir!
  8. Teacher: Good night!

In a formal conversation, you have keep in mind the time you meet a person, as well as the time when you take leave.

Now let us look at an INFORMAL conversation:

  1. Raju: Hello Sanjana!
  2. Sanjana: Hi Raju!
  3. Raju: How are you doing?
  4. Sanjana: I am fine. Thank you. How are you?
  5. Raju: Fine. Not bad.
  6. Raju: How is your brother?
  7. Sanjana: Yes, He is also good.
  8. Raju: Okay! Go to go! See you later!
  9. Sanjana: Bye! See you!

In an informal greeting, you do not have to worry about the time you meet the person. A Hello and a Bye is good enough.

EXERCISES

Mother’s Side

  1. Mom’s dad is my ___________.
  2. Mom’s mom is my ___________.
  3. Mom’s brother is my ____________.
  4. Mom’s sister is my __________ .
  5. Mom’s cousin sister is my _________.

Father’s Side

  1. Dad’s dad is my ___________.
  2. Dad’s mom is my ___________.
  3. Dad’s sister is my ____________.
  4. Dad’s brother is my __________ .
  5. Dad’s cousin (brother) is my _________.

Sister’s Side

  1. My sister’s husband is my ___________.
  2. My sister’s son is my ___________.
  3. My sister’s daughter is my ____________.

Aunt’s Side

  1. Aunt’s husband is my ___________.
  2. Aunt’s kids are my ___________.
  3. Aunt’s son is my ____________.

Uncle’s Side

  1. Uncle’s wife is my ___________.
  2. Uncle’s kids are my ___________.
  3. Uncle’s daughter is my ____________.

IF THIS WERE MY FAMILY TREE…

  1. Tell me about your family if this is YOU